<string> Field

This field stores and abstracts away value of a text string. The <string> field has all the common properties as well as extra properties and elements described below.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<schema ...>
    <fields>
        <string name="SomeStringField" />
    </fields>
</schema>

Such definition of the <string> does NOT have any limit on the length of the string, and will consume all the available data in the input buffer.

Default Value

The default value of the <string> field when constructed can be specified using defaultValue property. If not specified, defaults to empty string.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<schema ...>
    <fields>
        <string name="SomeStringField" defaultValue="hello" />
    </fields>
</schema>

Fixed Length

In case the string value needs to be serialized using predefined fixed length, use length property to specify the required value.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<schema ...>
    <fields>
        <string name="SomeStringField" length="16" />
    </fields>
</schema>

Length Prefix

Many protocols prefix string with its length. The CommsDSL allows definition of such prefix using lengthPrefix child element, which must define prefix as <int> field.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<schema ...>
    <fields>
        <string name="SomeStringField">
            <lengthPrefix>
                <int name="LengthPrefix" type="uint8" />
            </lengthPrefix>
        <string>
    </fields>
</schema>

In case the prefix field is defined as external field, CommsDSL allows usage of lengthPrefix as property, value of which contains name of the referenced field.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<schema ...>
    <fields>
        <int name="StringLengthPrefix" type="uint8" />
        <string name="SomeStringField" lengthPrefix="StringLengthPrefix" />
    </fields>
</schema>

The CommsDSL also supports detached length prefix, when there are several other fields in the <message> or in the <bundle> between the length field and the <string>.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<schema ...>
    <fields>
        <bundle name=SomeBundle">
            <int name="StringLengthPrefixMember" type="uint8" />
            <int name="SomeOtherFieldMember" type="uint8" />
            <string name="SomeStringFieldMember" lengthPrefix="$StringLengthPrefixMember" />
        </bundle>
    </fields>

    <message name="Msg1" id="1">
        <int name="StringLengthPrefix" type="uint8" />
        <int name="SomeOtherField" type="uint8" />
        <string name="SomeStringField" lengthPrefix="$StringLengthPrefix" />
    </message>
</schema>

NOTE, the existence of $ prefix when specifying lengthPrefix value. It indicates that the referenced field is a sibling in the containing <message> or the <bundle> field.

The code generator is expected to take the existence of such detached prefix into account and generate correct code for various field operations (read, write, etc...).

Zero Termination Suffix

Some protocols may terminate strings with 0 (zero) byte. The CommsDSL support such cases with existence of zeroTermSuffix property with boolean value.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<schema ...>
    <fields>
        <string name="SomeStringField" zeroTermSuffix="true" />
    </fields>
</schema>

NOTE, that length, lengthPrefix and zeroTermSuffix properties are mutually exclusive, i.e. cannot be used together.

Use properties table for future references.

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